While some book printingpublishers restrict copy-editing to work on consistency, others expect editors to engage in the second parallel editorial process, which may be termed substantive or content editing. This calls for clear perception of the author’s intent and sometimes restraint from the copy-editor.
Where appropriate, attention is paid to discordant notes, such as obscure, incoherent, misleading or ambiguous sentences, or non sequiturs in factual passages; unintentional use of mixed metaphors or of repetition; unusual punctuation in sentence construction; paragraphing; and over or under use of headings. Furthermore, errors of fact, and inconsistencies, omissions, contradictions and illogicality in the argument or plot may be found. Substantive editing may entail the rewriting of sentences, reorganization, or suggesting other ways to present material. It is important, however, not to annoy the author by making unnecessary changes.
Editors look out for abbreviations and terms unfamiliar to readers. The avoidance of…
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